Governance and the African Condition


multi-party politics
bureaucratic dictatorship
colonial military

How to Cite

Oculi, O. . (2021). Governance and the African Condition. African Strategic Review, 6(1). Retrieved from


The above statement was made by some villagers in Tanzania in response to inquiries on whether or not they would wish to leave the one-party system of government for the call by donor agencies and local opposition elements for a multi-party system of politics. The 1991 Presidential Commission, which was undertaking the nationwide inquiry, was chaired by Chief Justice Francis Nyalila. It reported that 80 per cent of the people favoured the existing one-party rule by Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) - a merger between the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Zanzibar and Pemba based Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) - but recommended a multi-party system since it was favoured by 20 per cent of the people, which the commission considered to be a significant minority. A most weighty part of that minority was Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere who had voluntarily resigned from the presidency in 1985, and become a vehement proponent of multi-party politics.